The Alhambra is a castle complex originating in the middle ages. It was built not far from the Spanish city Granada, located in the south of Spain.
The first documentation and Moorish fortification date back to as early as the 9th century. It became a UNESCO world heritage site in the 1980s and is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Europe.
The Alhambra was a stage for European history throughout the centuries. In the course of history, various cultures had been using the hill the castle is built on as a fortress. Nowadays, it therefore showcasing different cultural influences in its architecture.
The castle is located in the south-east of Granada on a hill and it is constructed in a way that is typical for the architecture of the middle ages. The upper part of the castle complex is separated from the citadel, which was the part accessible only for those in power. In the upper part, the nobility, the military, the upper bourgeoisie, the affluent merchants and craftsmen were accommodated.