When visiting Russia's capital, the Kremlin is certainly among the must-see places. The oldest and most prominent part of Moscow used to be the tsars' residence, and is the seat of Russian government up to the present day. A large portion of the premises is accessible for tourists. Through a number of museums and churches you get to discover Russian culture and history.
The architectural ensemble of Cathedral Square covers the largest part of the complex. Upon entering you see the famous Tsar Bell and Tsar Cannon. If you don't want to visit all five of the cathedrals, the one you should not miss is Cathedral of the Dormition. It is Moscow's most ancient building, and used to be venue for tsars' coronations over centuries.
Various Museums and Exhibitions
Kremlin is also home to a number of museums and exhibitions. The most famous among them is the Armoury Museum. It holds more than 4000 exhibits that transport you back to the tsar era. It includes the State Regalia, coronation dresses, gold and silver artwork, as well as ancient carriages and weapons. Another impressive exhibition is the Diamond Fund, located inside the same building. Here you can admire Catherine the Great's Great Imperial Crown, adorned with 5000 diamonds.
If you still have time, there is a permanent exhibition on Russian culture from the 17th century located inside Patriarch Palace. Furthermore, there are temporary exhibitions inside Ivan the Great Bell Tower. Being the Kremlin's highest tower, it is also open as an observation point. Its climb presents you with a view of the entire Kremlin area. The Ceremonial Mounting Parade of Horse and Foot Guard of the Presidential Regiment is another special experience. It takes place every Saturday from April to October at 12 pm. After you have visited all of the museums and churches, Kremlin gardens are a good place for a little relaxation.
Further Parts of the Premises
Some parts of the Kremlin can only be accessed under certain conditions. Grand Kremlin Palace is part of the president's residence, and may only be entered upon the president's invitation, or within a private tour (from €153 per person). State Kremlin Palace is home to a concert hall. You can attend events there with a respective ticket. The presidential and administrative buildings are entirely off-limits to tourists.
The Moscow Kremlin is the most ancient part of the city, and considered the symbol of Russian statehood. It looks back upon a long and eventful history. Its building was initiated by Alexander I in 1806. From then on it went through periods of growth and development, as well as periods of evacuation and struggle for saving the national treasures stored inside its halls.
In 1991, the Kremlin has been granted UNESCO World Cultural Heritage status.
How to get there
The Kremlin is located in Moscow's centre, right by the river Moskva. Ticket offices are situated on the southwestern side, only a few steps from Aleksandrovsky Sad metro station.