Leaving Prague's Old Town Square northbound you enter the former Jewish Quarter Josefov. Over the course of centuries, this was the only part of the city where Jewish people were allowed to settle. Hence, a range of synagogues and religious sites emerged around here. One of the most famous is the Old Jewish Cemetery.
Despite only measuring around 1 ha, the Old Jewish Cemetery is one of the most historically important cemeteries in Europe. An extension was impossible, yet for a long time Jews were not allowed to bury their deceased anywhere else in the city. Hence, more than 12,000 gravestones stand tightly packed, underneath them up to 12 layers of graves. This is how the graveyard got its characteristic appearance: tombstones askew on bumpy soil.
This almost picturesque scene attracts many visitors these days. The most famous grave would be that of Judah Loew, who is said to have created the legendary Golem, a mythical creature who appears in a number of literary pieces. The cemetery can only be entered in the course of a visit to the Jewish Museum. A ticket also includes entry to many synagogues as well as the exhibitions.