Tourist Attraction Pantheon in Rome Rome: Position on map

Pantheon in Rome

Pantheon in Rome
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Rome, the Eternal City: Legend has it, that the city was founded in 753 B.C. by the the two brothers Romulus and Remus who were suckled by a she-wolf. As of today, the wolf and the brothers can still be found in many symbols of the city. Rome still offers a wealth of attractions and manages to fascinate tourists from all over the world up and time again. The high density of museums, churches... Read more

last update on Jul 15, 2021
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Description

The impressive Pantheon
CC BY 2.5   Maros Mraz The impressive Pantheon

History

The Pantheon in Rome was built on the Mars field and remains to be one of the best preserved buildings from ancient Rome. The main reason for it to be so well-maintained is that it was very early transformed into a catholic church.  

As soon as one enters the building, one will notice the bright ray of light shining through the Opaion, the circular hole of the dome. This ray of light is the only source of light in the interior room. The rain dropping through the 9 m wide Opaion is drained off into the ground through 22 inconspicuous drains. 

On the ruins of the temple that date back to the year 27 AD, emperor Hadrian had built the Pantheon in the period from 118 to 125 AD. The inscriptions of the old temple are discernible up to this very day. First, it exclusively functioned as a sacred edifice for all gods. The term “pantheon” is derived from ancient Greek and is linguistically a blend of two words: pan = all and theoi = gods.  In 608 AD the pantheon was given to Pope Bonifatius IV. by the east Roman emperor Phokas. The Pope had the edifice sanctified as a church bearing the name Sancta Maria ad Martyres in the year after. The church was dedicated to all martyrs. This dedication is said to be the origin of the all saints holiday that was celebrated in 835 AD for the first time. 

From the 16th century onwards, many important public figures were buried in the pantheon. From 1870 on, even Italian kings were interred here. Among many others, Viktor Emanuel II. and Margherita of Savoyen-Aosta have their tomb here, too. Even the famous Renaissance painter, Raffael, was laid to rest in the pantheon.     

Architecture

The pantheon has immensely influenced the history of architecture since the Early Modern Age. In the period from Renaissance up into the 19th century, it used to be the domed structure other famous buildings were constructed after, such as the St. Peter's Basilica or the Sainte-Geneviève church in Paris, which is nowadays known as the Panthéon of Paris.

How to get there

By bus

You can get here by taking the bus line 119, getting off at the stop “Pantheon“.

Videos

Das Pantheon, Rom, Italien | 07:24
Rom: La Rotonda - das Pantheon
Das pagane Pantheon in Rom, das entweiht wurde und zu...
Pantheon in HD, Rome
HD-Version 2006, watch more Rome Videos from HD4.TV in HD...

Contact

Pantheon Rom
Piazza della Rotonda
00186
Rom
E-Mail
%69%6e%66%6f%40%70%61%6e%74%68%65%6f%6e%72%6f%6d%61%2e%63%6f%6d
+39 347 8205204
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