Schlaining Castle is situated on the outskirts of Stadtschlaining in Burgenland and is one of the best preserved medieval castles in Austria.
With the exhibition "War or Peace - From the Cult of Violence to the Culture of Peace", the Peace Museum was started in 2000. Here conflicts are dealt with and ways of dealing with them are shown. With its scientific, artistic and educational concept, the Peace Museum wants to make a small contribution to the emergence of global peace consciousness. While the exhibitions on the ground and mezzanine floors of the castle deal with violence and conflict, the entire upper floor deals with the theme of peace. You will also get to know different peacemakers.
Exhibition of violence in the castle tower
But there are also two other permanent exhibitions at Schlaining Castle. In the three storeys of the castle tower everything revolves "from feuding to jurisdiction". Torture methods and witch trials were widespread in the Middle Ages. This exhibition in the Burgturm provides an insight into this extreme brutality. Children are only allowed to visit this part of the castle exhibition when accompanied by adults.
Folklore collection and knight's life
Ludwig Toth's folklore collection revolves around work and living around 1900. The collection is the most comprehensive and thematically closed of its kind in Burgenland.
Another exhibition in the castle is dedicated to the knight Andreas Baumircher, who lived in the 15th century. The daredevil nobleman had founded the town of Schlaining in 1462, but nine years later he was executed with a sword in Graz.
In addition to the permanent exhibitions of the Peace Museum, Schlaining also offers changing special exhibitions with historical and cultural approaches to the topic of "peace" in the former state rooms of the castle.
From war castle to peace castle
As Castrum Zloynuk the castle was mentioned for the first time in 1271. But it was not until the 15th century that the legendary knight Andreas Baumkircher turned the fortress into the ancestral castle of his mercenary troupe. The town of Stadtschlaining, which he founded, became a successful trading centre. After Andreas Baumkircher had fallen out with the emperor and devastated parts of today's Styria, he had him lured to Graz to execute him there in 1471.
In the middle of the 16th century the castle came into the possession of the Hungarian noble family Batthyány. After the death of the last owner of this line, it came into the possession of the Hungarian Chamber.
Since then, war and peace have determined the fate of the castle. But the former military headquarters of the mercenary leader Baumkircher finally became a place of peace. At the height of the "Cold War", Burg Schlaining became a unique centre for peace research in Austria, a meeting place between East and West in the shadow of the Iron Curtain.
Since 2004 there have been various exhibitions in Schlaining Castle.
- The day pass at Schlaining Castle Museum of Peace is €15 making it one of the 3 cheapest tourist Attractions in the Burgenland.
How to get there
If you would like to reach Burg Schlaining by car, you can take the A2 from Vienna in the direction of Graz and then take the exit Pinggau/Friedberg. After this you should continue in the direction of Oberwart (Exit 95), in the city centre of which you turn left towards Stadtschlaining itself.
If you are coming from Graz, you should also take the A2 first, but of course drive in the direction of Vienna. After the Lafnitztal/Oberwart exit, take exit 111 in the direction of Stadtkern Oberwart and turn left towards Stadtschlaining.
By public transport:
Arrival by bus is also possible. From Vienna and Graz there is a bus via Oberwart to Stadtschlaining.