Almost no other country has more historic sights than Italy. The scenery in the alpine regions, especially in South Tyrol and Trentino is defined by fortresses and castles. Traces of the Middle Ages dominate the northern Italian cities Venice and Milan. The Milan cathedral and St. Mark's Square in Venice are, not without reason, amongst the most beautiful sights worldwide.
One of the main destinations for culture lovers is Tuscany. Florence, Pisa and Siena have an enormous number of artifacts and buildings from the Middle Ages. A little further south, at the Gulf of Baratti and Populonia, rock tombs and settlement sites still show traces of the Etruscans, who were the first to live in this country.
Of a very special importance in Italy is its capital Rome. It is just about impossible to walk through the city without bumping into ancient Roman high culture, not to mention Rome's importance for Christianity. The Vatican City as the center of the roman-catholic belief, with St. Peter's Cathedral and the Vatican Museums, is not only a highlight for the faithful.