Ohlsdorf Cemetery is located in the quarter of Ohlsdorf of the city of Hamburg. It is Europe's largest cemetery followed by the Vienna Central Cemetery with most people buried being civilians apart from the large number of victims of war. Famous people buried here include the German entertainer Heinz Erhardt, musician Roger Cicero and politician Helmut Schmidt.
The Ohlsdorf Cemetery was established in 1877 and now spans about 961 acres with 12 chapels and streets with a total length of 17 km. Besides its existence as burial ground, the cemetery is used as a recreational area and tourist attraction. Ponds and birds, sculptures, a museum, impressive mausoleums, bushes, and different woods and trees await its visitors being about two million people annually coming from all over the world.
Some inhabitants of Hamburg with the strong interesent in preserving the cemetery opened the Museum of the Ohlsdorf Cemetery, which is dedicated to raising public interest for the cemetery itself and to promoting funeral culture. Opened in 1996, the museum's displays focus on the history of the city's cemetery culture, which was the first American-style park cemetery in Germany. Its road network is also characteristic: the paths cross the cemetery in east-west or north-south direction, resulting in chessboard parcels.